Assessment 4: 2-minute video

I apologise for the stretched footage throughout the film. When importing the interviews from my IPhone 6 to my Mac book Pro, the different file sizes didn’t transfer properly. This was due to the out dated version of my Mac book and its‘ IMovie program, there was no way of solving this. The sound in some of the interviews is quite low, this was unavoidable as the sound equipment needed was unaccessible. I would have re filmed it but my sources were unavailable. I hope you are able to gather the storyline of ‘Night Scope’ regardless of these issues.

This 2-minute video covers the increasing problem of technology addiction amongst young people and adolescents. Hope you enjoy!

Click below to view the video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MPgKJqaGbD0&feature=youtu.be

Social Media and it’s Negative Effects

Since the launch of Facebook in 2008, social media has grown to unforeseen and innumerable heights with a recorded 1,730,000,000 registered users on various social media services and platforms (LePage, 2013). Generation Z, those born between 1995-2009, are the first generation born into what is essentially a total technological lifestyle.  With the increasing amount of tech-savvy adolescents aged between 15-24, there is also a corresponding growing number of negative health issues arising from social media. This essay will outline the positive and negative effects social media has on society and the impact it has on the health and wellbeing of todays youth through the research of numerous papers and ironically enough, the internet.

According to Whiteman, 51% of people stated that social media had negative impact on their behaviour (Whiteman, 2014). From a number of sources, it is evident that there is a long list of both physical and mental long-term health complications that arise from social media. With social media entirely being online, it is the central hub for cyber harassment, including; cyber-bullying, cyber-stalking, hacking, and identity theft.

Whiteman also recorded a frightening statistic, “95% of teenagers who use social media have witnessed forms of cyber bullying on social networking sites.”

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/275361.php

Cyber-bullying has evolved into a major problem for our modern society because it’s difficult to control and can be issued through many forms, for example; fake profiles, negative comments, hate pages, spreading rumours/photos and videos. Alarmingly, numerous problems arise from cyber-bullying that are not widely known to the general public. It is proven that cyber-bullying leads to low self-esteem, low self-confidence, anxiety, eating disorders, depression and suicidal tendencies.

One prominent victim of this new-age bullying is Charlotte Dawson, a famous New Zealand-Australian model who battled with depression as a result from cyber-bullying. Dawson received a large amount of ‘hate’, death threats and vicious comments. A twitter user, Jack Hammer, told Dawson to “Hang yourself”, showing that this new form of bullying is every bit as vicious as physical or verbal abuse. In February, 2014, Dawson could no longer take the tirade of negativity which she was confronted with on a daily basis, and tragically committed suicide. Not only did she take her own life as a result of this constant online abuse but also in the same fashion as which Jack Hammer had told her, through hanging herself. This alone shows that no longer society can ignore this type of harassment by simply stating the well known saying, “words cannot hurt you”. This is a prime example of how social media acts as a tool for bullies and can have potentially life changing and threatening consequences.

Cyber-stalking is also another main direct effect as a result of social media. Alexis A Moore defines cyber-stalking as “A technologically-based ‘attack’ on one person who has been targeted specifically for that attack for reasons of anger, revenge or control.”

WHOA in 2013 conducted an international survey where they discovered that 60% of cyber-stalking cases first started through social media sites such as Facebook and email. Cyber-stalking isn’t just the stereo typical action of following someone but a typically ongoing online harassment which in todays technologically based society can be equally, if not more damaging. 

Moore was a victim of cyber-stalking by her ex-partner, here she provides an example of the physical and mental effects it left on her: “I lost the ability to work. I lost my money and, even worse, my good credit history, which meant I couldn’t move, get an apartment, get a car, get a loan, or find a job. I lost friends and the support of family. And after three solid years of torture and abuse, there was even a point when I lost the will to live.”

Her full story can be read at:

http://womensissues.about.com/od/violenceagainstwomen/a/CyberstalkStory.htm

While many cyber related include a lengthy list of the negative mental health aspects, there is also a substantial amount of physical health effects that are directly caused from social media and in particular, the overuse of it. Doctors and those who study such matters have done comprehensive research on the issue and their findings show that from social media or more directly the technology it is found on, computers, tablets and phones produce eye-strain, back/neck pain, obesity and an increased chance of drug abuse.

A shocking and unexpected statistic published by CASA Columbia corroborates the argument that social media increases the use of drugs, “Those that interact via social media on a daily basis are five times likelier to use tobacco, three times likelier to use alcohol, and twice as likely to use marijuana”. Abusing these drugs have a number of consequences, including many physical and behavioural issues. Drug abuse has been  proven to lead to hazardous behaviour and bring numerous complications to a family lifestyle. These statistics while by no means represent the users of social media as a whole, indicate that social media can potentially shorten lifespans by a drastic amount of time as a result of the associated health effects of the aforementioned drugs.

Bupa, an Australia private health insurance company agrees that  social media can lead to obesity in the long-term as it often replaces other, healthier activities such as sports, physical and mental exercise amongst others. Aside from heart conditions, diabetes and strokes being a future risk to these individuals, those who suffer from obesity also have lower self-confidence and lower self-esteem in addition to the physical effects. 

While there’s an overwhelming amount of physical and psychological effects on primarily adolescent’s, one particular topic is yet to be touched upon. As most people, in particular the users of social media know, these services provide a constant source of distraction. Not only is this not disputed by its users but often admitted. From multiple sources it has been suggested that an adolescent being constantly connected to the social media has an impact on their school grades and later in life, their career. Overuse of social media also robs users of the experience of honing their social interactions through face-to-face interactions and can have a significant impact on their ability to develop social skills. 

There’s a staggering amount of evidence that shows the negative side to social media, but what about the positives? The internet has introduced a variety of social media that has assisted in benefiting students with all the worlds’ information at their fingertips. This enables people to gain more intelligence and information in as well as staying up to date with international news.

Additionally, social media allows families, friends and colleagues to communicate despite geographical differences. This technology has undoubtedly improved on the more traditional forms of communication such as sending mail via post.

In terms of communication, social media offers the opportunity of two-way communication in comparison to the many forms of one-way communication like newspapers and television. Two-way communication is a positive because it allows an in-depth growth of conversation and gives the user an option to participate in sharing ideas and encouraging collaboration amongst each other.

While there is undoubtedly a large range of positives to social media, it is hard to ignore the overwhelming amount of research, statistics and traumatic life stories supporting the argument that social media has a negative impact on adolescents’ health. It is evident that some recommendations need to be made to prevent the above negative health issues, through strategic planning social media can be used safely to bring together virtual communities for an exceptional social experience.

REFERENCES

-LePage, E. 2013.The Evolution of Social Media (2008-2013) ~ An Infographic. HootSuite. Available at:

<http://blog.hootsuite.com/evolution-of-social-media-infographic/>

Accessed 25th September 2014

-Whiteman, H. 2014. Social Media: How does it really affect our health and well-being? Medical News Today. Available at:

<http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/275361.php>

Accessed 22nd September 2014

-(Author Unknown) 2014, Charlotte Dawson’s death puts cyberbullying back in spotlight, ABC news. Available at:

<http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-02-23/charlotte-dawson-death-puts-focus-on-cyber-bullying/5277904>

Accessed 26th September 2014

-Pritchard, T. 2012. When Trolls Take it too Far. Available at:

<http://nevrwalkalone.tumblr.com/>

Accessed 26th September 2014

-Moore, A. (Date Unkown) What is Cyber Stalking? About News. Available at:

<http://womensissues.about.com/od/violenceagainstwomen/f/Cyberstalking.htm>

-Moore, A. (Date Unknown) “I Was a Victim of Cyberstalking”-One Womans’ Story. About News. Available at:

<http://womensissues.about.com/od/violenceagainstwomen/a/CyberstalkStory.htm>

Accessed 26th September

-WHOA, 2013. 2013 Cyberstalking Statistics. HaltAbuse. Available at:

<http://www.haltabuse.org/resources/stats/2013Statistics.pdf>

-Yabsley, C. (Date Unknown) Social Media and its Impact on Health and Wellbeing. Bupa. Available at:

<http://www.bupa.com.au/health-and-wellness/shine/spirit/social-media-and-its-impact-on-health-and-wellbeing>

-CDC, 2013. The Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at:

<http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/effects/>

Accessed 26th September 2014

-Stein, E. 2014. Is Social Media Dependence a Mental Health Issue? The Huffington Post. Available at:

<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/05/07/social-media-mental-health_n_5268108.html>

Accessed 22nd September 2014

-(Author Unknown. Date Unkown) Benefits of Online Social Networking. Parent Futher. Available at:

<http://www.parentfurther.com/technology-media/social-networking/benefits>

Accessed 26th September 2014

-Walaski, P. 2013. Social Media. Professional safety, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 40.

-Buckner, B. 2008. Cyber bullying.Tribune Content Agency LLC, Washington.

-Mishra, A. & Mishra, D. 2007. Cyber stalking: A challenge for web security in , pp. 216-225.

-Karch, S.2007. Drug abuse handbook. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton.

-Riobó Serván, P. 2013. Obesity and diabetes. Nutrición hospitalaria, vol. 28 Suppl 5, pp. 138.

Essay Topic-Social Media

“Social media are Internet sites where people interact freely, sharing and discussing information about each other and their lives, using a multimedia mix of personal words, pictures, videos and audio.” (Curtis, 2013)

Social media has been around since 1978 and started with the BBS (Bulletin Board System) and has developed into a massive scale which includes; social networking sites, bookmarking sites, social news, media sharing, micro blogging and chat forums. Arguably, there are pro’s and con’s to almost everything. This week I will be uploading a 1500 word essay that will provide an in-depth analysis based off research and statistics to determine whether social media has a positive or negative impact on health for all adolescents’ ages between 15-24 years of age.

Sources

-Grahl, T. 2014. The 6 Types of Social Media. Available at:

<http://outthinkgroup.com/tips/the-6-types-of-social-media>

Accessed 19th September 2014

-Curtis, A. 2013. The Brief History of Social Media. Available at:

<http://www2.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/NewMedia/SocialMedia/SocialMediaHistory.html>

Accessed 19th September 2014

Week 6: Tutorial Questions

I spent this morning researching different organisation I could help sign a petition for, though I realise it’s not connected with my course I chose amnesty international and change.org because I would genuinely like to make a difference. A part of this week’s tutorial task is to find out about Americans’ President Barack Obama’s current activities and find a way to contact him. The White House Website has a section where anyone can submit questions and comments. ( blog that shows his itinerary for today.


4:00 am:
Views a fly-over ceremony; Celtic Manor, Newport, Wales
4:30 am: Attends a leaders’ meeting on the future of NATO; Celtic Manor, Newport, Wales
8:00 am: Attends a leaders’ meeting on the Transatlatic Bond; Celtic Manor
10:15 am: Holds a bilateral meeting with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey; Celtic Manor
11:30 am: Holds a press conference; Celtic Manor
1:00 pm: Departs Wales
8:55 pm: Arrives White House   (Koffler, 2014)

 

-Koffler, K. 2014. Obama Schedule, Friday 5th September 2014. White House Dossier. http://www.whitehousedossier.com/

Part 2: Internet addiction and surveillance cameras

There are many kinds of addictions, drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes are the most notorious. I’ve had the sneaking suspicion and running joke that many of my ‘Facebook friends’ are addicted to the internet. Until recently I didn’t realise the severity of internet addiction and it’s long term effects. For more information on this topic there is a book titled “Internet Addiction Disorder” which can be found in the Griffith University library catalogue.

-Price, H.O. & ebrary, I. 2011, Internet addiction, Nova Science Publisher’s, Inc, Hauppauge, N.Y.

CCTV (closed-circuit television) was first recorded to be used in Germany 1942, since then CCTV is a standard security protocol for many businesses and even the Government makes use of the system on motorways and intersections. IT engineers that expertise in surveillance security are concerned behind the security of the CCTV itself, with the possibility of the mis-using it to commit crimes such as zooming in on private documents and  people hacking into footage as a result of people keeping their default username and password on the system (Zetter, 2012). A potential essay on this topic could be based on The lack of security in a security system, identifying all the faults in CCTV by providing examples and recommending solutions to prevent them.

-Zetter, K. 2012, Most Popular Surveillance Cameras can be Hacked.  <http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2012/05/most-popular-surveillance-cameras-can-be-hacked/>

-HD Moore. 2013, Ray Sharp CCTV DVR Password Retrieval & Remove Root.<https://community.rapid7.com/community/metasploit/blog/2013/01/28/ray-sharp-cctv-dvr-password-retrieval-remote-root>

-Leydan, J. 2013, Hackers squeeze through DVR hole and break into CCTV cameras, The Register.

Pittman, A.T. 2008, “Surveillance Cameras”, Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance [H.W.Wilson – EDUC], vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 52.

Week 3: Stephen Stockwell and “Alphaville”-Part 1

Professor Stephen Stockwell is a successful author and educator at Griffith University. Besides being my course convenor for New Communication Technologies, he has many other teaching areas including; Campaign Strategies, Public Relations, Journalism, Video Journalism and Communication project. He’s uploaded many articles but the books he’s most well-known for are:

  • “Political Campaign Strategy discusses political campaigns in a way that grapples with the complexity of the democracy that we actually have. It does this by exploring and clarifying the origins, techniques and different forms of the political campaign. Stockwell seeks to capture the rhetorical, ethical and strategic dimensions of the political campaign and explain its historical roots, methods and manifestations in terms of democratic theory.”

    Day, Stockwell 2013, , Encyclopædia Britannica Inc.

     
  • “This substantial reference work critically re-examines the history of democracy, from ancient history to possible directions it may take in the future. 44 chapters explore the origins of democracy and explore new and sometimes surprising examples from around the world. Each of the 9 parts introduces the period, followed by 3 to 7 case studies.”

    Isakhan, B. & Stockwell, S. 2012, The Edinburgh companion to the history of democracy.

In our week 3 lecture in New Communication Technologies, we watched a clip from Jean-Luc Godard’s 1965 French film, Alphaville. This film follows the story of a Detective endeavouring to stop the evil computer, Alpha 60. 

Books related to Godard and Alphaville include:

  • Godard: Jean-Luc Godard. Farassino, A. 1974, Godard: Jean-Luc Godard, La nuova Italia, Firenze.               (Located at the Nathan campus library)
     
  • “A secret agent travels across space to Alphaville to discover the fate of his predecessor but finds himself in a technological society devoid of emotion.”

    Godard, J.L., 1930, Coutard, R., Constantine, E., 1917, Karina, A. & Tamiroff, A., 1899-1972 1998, Alphaville, Chaumiane Production-Film Studio, United States.                                                                                               (Located at the Nathan and South Bank campus libraries)

  • “When Jean-Luc Godard, exemplary director of the French New Wave, wed the ideals of filmmaking to the realities of autobiography and current events, he changed the nature of cinema. Among the greatest cinematic innovations, Godard’s films shift fluidly from fiction to documentary, from criticism to art. Similarly, his persona projects shifting images – cultural hero, impassioned loner, shrewd businessman. Hailed by filmmakers as a – if not the – key influence, Godard has entered the modern canon, a figure as mysterious as he is indispensable.” “In Everything is Cinema, critic Richard Brody has amassed hundreds of interviews with friends, family, and collaborators to demystify the elusive director and paint the fullest picture yet of his life and work. Paying as much attention to Godard’s revolutionary technical inventions as to the political and emotional forces of the postwar world, Brody traces an arc from the director’s early critical writing, through his popular success with Breathless and Contempt, to the grand vision of his later years. He vividly depicts Godard’s wealthy, conservative family, his fluid and often disturbing politics, his tumultuous dealings with fellow filmmakers, and his troubled relations with women.”

    Brody, R., 1958 2008, Everything is cinema: the working life of Jean-Luc Godard, Metropolitan Books, New York. (Located at the Nathan and South bank campus libraries)

Considering this course is New Communication Technologies we focus a lot on communicating and technology, put this together and social media is definitely one of the outcomes. An online text about social media can be found below.
 
  • “Social media”, 2011, Nursing Standard, vol. 25, no. 50, pp. 62.
 

Communication

Communication has been around since the dawn of mankind. In the early stages of evolution people have communicated their knowledge and  stories through cave paintings which have been thought to being up to 30,000 years old (The Observer, 2012). Communication in it’s simplest form is just a way to convey information, whether it be through pictures, songs or technology.

The key turning points in technology start centuries ago with Morse code being created in 1837, this was a major technological breakthrough at the time. In our modern day and age, the biggest improvements have been the switch from analog to digital technologies such as mobile phones and computers. Almost a century after Morse codes birth, IBM released the first commercial computer in the 1950’s and now every year computer companies are making large technological developments. For this very reason, computers are one of my favourite technologies.

Despite the PC/ internet being a steady competitor, I have to admit that my mobile phone is definitely my favourite. I remember the day I received my first phone, it was a little Nokia given to me to simply call or text for safety reasons. Flash forward to 2014, I have an I-Phone with a camera, unlimited apps and the world wide web literally at my fingertips. Essentially, this technological development has allowed me to communicate with hundreds at a time and be able to carry the worlds’ knowledge from past and present in my pocket. My Mum often worries about the security aspect to being so socially open, but I have no fears considering many applications have security and privacy settings.

REFERENCE

Robin McKie, (March 11,2012). Did stone age cavemen talk to each other in symbols? The Guardian, Observer. Retrieved August 15, 2014 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/mar/11/cave-painting-symbols-language-evolution